Lee Anna Clark

Lee Anna Clark

William J. and Dorothy K. O'Neill Professor of Psychology

Ph.D., University of Minnesota

  • Clinical

(574) 631-7482


114C Haggar Hall

Notre Dame, IN 46556

Center for Advanced Measurement of Personality and Psychopathology (CAMPP Lab)

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The assessment of personality disorder, for which she developed the Schedule for Nonadaptive and Adaptive Personality (SNAP), a psychological test that measures personality traits across the normal-abnormal spectrum.


Dr. Clark is a clinical psychologist recruited from the University of Iowa (1993-2010), where she had served as Director of Clinical Training and received the Iowa Regents’ Award for Faculty Excellence in 2006. Her research focuses on the assessment of personality disorder, for which she developed the Schedule for Nonadaptive and Adaptive Personality (SNAP), a psychological test that measures personality traits across the normal-abnormal spectrum. She is widely published and is one of the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI)’s “most highly cited” psychologists. She is one of 9 members of the Work Group to revise the Personality and Personality Disorders section of the DSM-5, the widely used diagnostic and classification system of mental disorders of the American Psychiatric Association, and also served on several cross-cutting Study Groups for the DSM revision.

Professor Clark’s current research focus, which was funded by the National Institute of Mental Health, aims to identify the core elements of personality pathology that are needed to diagnose personality disorder, and to determine how personality pathology relates to psychosocial disability. In particular, her research involves increasing our understanding of (1) the specific traits that comprise each of the major domains of personality (e.g., social withdrawal and reduced capacity for pleasure are components of the broad domain of Detachment vs. Extraversion); (2) determining the core deficits in identity and interpersonal relationships that underlie personality disorder and exploring how to assess these elements independently of personality traits; and (3) deepening our understanding of—and ability to assess—psychosocial dysfunction in relation to personality dysfunction.

Dr. Clark is also a participant in the Hierarchical Taxonomy of Personality (HiTOP) project.   The consortium's inaugural paper can be accessed at: https://osf.io/preprints/psyarxiv/zaadn

For her work that spans the fields of personality and psychopathology, Dr. Clark was awarded the Society for Personality and Social Psychology's 2017 Jack Block Award for Distinguished Contributions to Personality  and the Society for Research in Psychopathology's 2017 Joseph Zubin Award for Lifetime Contributions to Psychopathology.

Recent Publications

(* = my students during data collection / manuscript preparation)

Clark, L. A., Cuthbert, B. N., Lewis-Fernandez, R., Narrow, W., & Reed, G. M. (in press).  ICD-11, DSM-5, and RDoC: Three approaches to understanding and classifying mental disorder. Psychological Science in the Public Interest.

Dindo, L., Brock, R. L., Aksan, N., Gamez, W., Kochanska, G., & Clark, L. A.  (in press).  Attachment and effortful control and in toddlerhood predict academic success over a decade later.  Psychological Science.

Ro, E., Nuzum, H., & Clark, L. A. (in press). Antagonism trait facets and comprehensive psychosocial disability: Comparing information across self, informant, and interviewer reports. Journal of Abnormal Psychology. doi: 10.1037/abn0000298

Vittengl, J. R., Clark, L. A., Thase, M. E., & Jarrett, R. B. (in press).  Relations of shared and unique components of personality and psychosocial functioning to depressive symptoms. Journal of Personality Disorders.

Stanton, K., Daly, E., Stasik-O’Brien, S. M., Ellickson-Larew, S., Clark, L. A., & Watson, D. (1-7-16: online 1st).  An integrative analysis of the Narcissistic Personality Inventory and the Hypomanic Personality Scale: Implications for construct validity.  Assessment.  doi: 10.1177/1073191115625801

Brock, R., *Dindo, L., Clark, L. A., & *Simms, L. J. (2016).  Personality and dyadic adjustment: Who you think your partner is really matters.  Journal of Family Psychology, 30(5), 602-613. doi: 10.1037/fam0000210

Clark, L. A., *Vanderbleek, E., *Shapiro, J., *Nuzum, H., *Allen, X., *Daly, E., Kingsbury, T., Oiler, M., & Ro, E.  (2015).  The brave new world of personality disorder-trait specified: Effects of additional definitions on prevalence and comorbidity. Psychopathology Review, 2(1), 52-82.       doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.5127/pr.00

Newton-Howes, G., Chanen, A., & Clark, L. A. (2015).  Personality disorder across the life span. Lancet, 385, 727-734.

Sharp, C., Wright, A. G. C., Fowler, C., Frueh, C., Oldham, J., & Clark, L. A. (2015).  The structure of personality pathology: Both general (‘g’) and specific (s’s) factors? Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 124(2), 387-398.  doi: 10.1037/abn0000033

Clark, L. A., & Ro, E. (2014).  Three-pronged assessment and diagnosis of personality disorder and its consequences: Personality functioning, pathological traits, and psychosocial disability.  Personality Disorder: Theory, Research, & Treatment, 5(1), 55‑69.  doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/per0000063

*Sharma, L., Markon, K. E., & Clark, L. A. (2014).  Toward a theory of distinct types of “impulsive” behaviors: A meta-analysis of self-report and behavioral measures.  Psychological Bulletin, 140(2), 374-408.  doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0034418

*Sharma, L., *Kohl, K., *Morgan, T. A., & Clark, L. A. (2013). “Impulsivity”: Relations between self-report and behavior.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 104(3), 559-575.  doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0031181