James R. Brockmole

James R. Brockmole

Joseph and Elizabeth Robbie College Professor; Associate Dean for Research and Strategic Initiatives; Director of the Institute for Scholarship in the Liberal Arts

Ph.D., University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

  • Cognition, Brain, and Behavior



552 Corbett Family Hall

Notre Dame, IN 46556

Visual Cognition Laboratory

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Dr. Brockmole’s research focuses on understanding how human observers acquire information about objects and scenes, how that information is retained in memory, and how stored knowledge about the visual world in turn guides behavior. Specific interests include the allocation and control of visual attention, the representational format of short-term memory, the mechanisms underlying statistical learning of environmental regularities, the nature and functions of episodic and semantic long-term memory, the interactions between attention and memory that occur in the service of visually guided tasks, the changes in visual memory abilities that occur across the lifespan, and the relationship between visual cognitive abilities and the physical manipulation of the body.  The work in his lab therefore sits at the intersection of research on visual attention, visual memory, gaze control, spatial cognition, embodied cognition, and cognitive ageing. Each of these interrelated issues is central to understanding how observers construct and use meaningful mental representations of visual environments. His lab uses a variety of tasks and dependent measures to investigate these aspects of cognition, but a major methodology involves the recording and analysis of eye movements which reveal how visual information is processed in real time. Brockmole has previously served as Associate Editor of the journals Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics and Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance. In January, 2020, he will become Editor-In-Chief of Psychonomic Bulletin & Review.

Recent Publications

Faber, M., Krasich, K., Bixler, R. E., Brockmole, J. R., & D'Mello, S. K. (in press). The eye-mind wandering link: Identifying gaze indices of mind wandering across tasks. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance.

Krasich, K., Huffman, G., Faber, M., & Brockmole, J. R. (in press). Where the eyes wander: The relationship between mind wandering and fixation allocation to visually salient and semantically informative static scene content.  Journal of Vision. 

Clement, A., & Brockmole, J. R. (2020). Updating perception and action across real-world viewpoint changes. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 82, 2603-2617.

Huffman, G., & Brockmole, J. R. (2020). Attentional selection is biased towards controllable stimuli. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 82, 2558-2569.

Clement, A., O'Donnell, R. E., & Brockmole, J. R. (2019). The functional arrangement of objects biases gaze direction. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 26, 1266-1272.

Clement, A., Stothart, C., Drew, T., & Brockmole, J. R. (2019).  Semantic associations do not modulate the visual awareness of objects.  Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 72, 1224-1232.

Hutt, S., Krasich, K., Mills, C., Bosch, N., White, S., Brockmole, J. R., D'Mello, S. K. (2019). Automated gaze-based mind wandering detection during computerized learning in classrooms.  User Modeling and User-Adapted Interaction, 4, 821-867.

Krasich, K., Biggs, A. T., & Brockmole, J. R. (2019). Attention capture during visual search: The consequences of distractor appeal, familiarity, and frequency. Visual Cognition, 27, 260-278.

Stothart, C., & Brockmole, J. R. (2019). “Satisfaction” in search: Individuals’ own search expectations predict their errors in multiple-target search. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 81, 2659-2665.

Krasich, K., McManus, R., Hutt, S., Faber, M., D'Mello, S. K., & Brockmole, J. R. (2018). Gaze-based signatures of mind wandering during real-world scene viewing. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 147, 1111-1124.

O'Donnell, R. E., Clement, A., & Brockmole, J. R. (2018). Semantic and functional relationships among objects increase the capacity of visual working memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 44, 1151-1158.

Stothart, C., Clement, A., & Brockmole, J. R. (2018). Satisfaction in motion: Subsequent search misses are more likely in moving search displays. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 25, 409-415.